If you are looking for a high band score in the IELTS test then paraphrasing is really important. In this article, we will practice some paraphrasing exercise for the introduction part of the IELTS Writing task 1.
Also, we will discuss:
1) Why paraphrasing is so important?
2) How to write a paraphrased introduction?
3) The structure of writing a paraphrased introduction.
4) Finally, we will do some Paraphrasing exercise.
Why paraphrasing introduction is important in IELTS Writing task 1?
In IELTS Writing task 1, you will be given a graph, chart or table, and you have to explain it using at least 150 words.
Generally, we divide the writing task into 4 sections. Where,
Section 1: Introduction (here, we paraphrase the question)
Section 2: Overall
Section 3: Body Paragraph 1
Section 4: Body Paragraph 2
You should explain the given graph/ chart or table using your own words. If you copy your introduction part from the question then these words will not be counted in your answer. As a result, you may face a penalty causing the low band score.
If you are able to paraphrase the introduction successfully then it shows you have understood the question perfectly to write it in your own words.
How to write a Paraphrased introduction?
To write a balanced paraphrased introduction in IELTS Writing Task 1, you have to include almost 6 types of information. These are:
1) What is given?
It can be a table, graph, chart, Diagram or any visual information.
2) What its function?
Its function is to provide(s), present(s), show(s), illustrate(s) or give(s) information.
3) What is it about?
It can be anything. You have to find out what is the main topic.
4) How/ on what basis?
Basis of obtaining the information. For example: Percentage, Money, Time, Number or any other category.
5) Where is the place?
The illustration may provide information about some countries or any specific area.
6) When it occurred?
In the illustration, they will provide information when the data was collected or the time of occurring certain event. For example: in 2003, from 2003 to 2010, between 2003 and 2010.
Example of Writing Introduction
1) What is given: A line graph or illustration.
2) Its Function: Provide(s), Present(s), Show(s), Illustrate(s) or Give(s) information.
3) What about: About the grain harvest area.
4) How/ on what basis: In millions of hectares.
5) Where: All over the world.
6) When: Between 1950 and 1996, from 1950 to 1996, in 36 year period.
The given line graph provides information on the total area around the world in millions of hectares from 1950 to 1996.
The given line graph shows the total harvest area around the world in millions of hectares in 36 year period.
The Structure of Writing a Paraphrased Introduction
15 Paraphrasing Exercises
Exercise 1: The Pie chart below shows the average household expenditure in Japan and Malaysia in the year 2010.
Paraphrased Introduction: The given pie chart provides information about the proportion of money spent on household expenses in Japan and Malaysia in 2010.
Exercise 2: The chart below shows the percentage of adults of different age groups in the UK who used the Internet everyday from 2003-2006.
Paraphrased Introduction: The given bar chart illustrates the percentage of adults of different age groups using the Internet between 2003 and 2006, in Great Britain.
Exercise 3: The chart below shows the percentage of the whole world population in four countries from 1950 to 2000, with projections till 2050.
Paraphrased Introduction: A glance at the bar chart reveals information about the proportion of the population in India, China, the USA, and Japan in 1950 and 2000, and also indicates the projections for 2050.
Exercise 4: The graph below shows the sales of children’s books, adult fiction and educational books between 2002 and 2006 in one country.
Paraphrased Introduction: The given line graph illustrates the comparison of the sales of three different types of books( Children’s books, adult fiction, and educational books) from 2002 to 2006.
Exercise 5: The line graph below shows the population size, birth rate and the death rate of England and Wales from 1700 to 2000.
Paraphrased Introduction: The line graph provides information about the population size and compares the birth and mortality rate of England and Wales for a period of 300 years starting from 1700.
Exercise 6: The line graph and bar chart give the information and forecast about the vehicle numbers and CO2 emission in England and Wales between 2000 and 2020.
Paraphrased Introduction: A glance at the line graph reveals the information about the number of vehicles in England and Wales from 2000 to 2020, the bar chart gives information on the amount of CO2 emissions by cars, buses, vans, and trucks over the same period.
Exercise 7: The charts below show the proportion of the energy produced from different sources in a country between 1985 and 2003.
Paraphrased Introduction: The given pie charts compare the percentage of energy generated from seven different sources in a particular country from 1985 to 2003.
Exercise 8: The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.
Paraphrased Introduction: A glance at the line graph provided reveals the information about the increase in the ageing population in Japan, Sweden, and the USA from 1940 to 2040.
Exercise 9: The chart below gives information on the percentage of British people giving money to charity by age range for the years 1990 and 2010.
Paraphrased Introduction: The chart examines the level of donation among people of different ages in Britain.
Exercise 10: The graph and table below show the average monthly temperatures and this average number of hours of sunshine per year in three major cities.
Paraphrased Introduction: The data provides information on average temperatures and annual hours of sunshine in London, New York and Sydney.
Exercise 11: The diagrams below show the changes that have taken place at the West Part Secondary School since its construction in 1950.
Paraphrased Introduction: The diagrams show West Part School at three different stages in its development: 1950, 1980 and 2010.
Exercise 12: The chart below gives information about Southland’s main exports in 2000, *20…, and future projections for 2025.
Paraphrased Introduction: The given bar chart illustrates the performance of Southland’s primary exports in 2000 and 2013. It also indicates the future projections for 2025.
Paraphrasing Exercise 13: The pie charts below show the online shopping sales for retail sectors in New Zealand in 2003 and 2013.
Paraphrased Introduction: The two pie charts compare the percentages of online sales across different retail sectors in New Zealand in the years 2003 and 2013.
Paraphrasing Exercise 14: The chart below shows the changes that took place in three different areas of crime in Newport city center from 2003-2012.
Paraphrased Introduction: The given graph illustrates how crime rates altered in Newport inner city during the period 2003-2012.
Paraphrasing Exercise 15: The maps below show the village of Stokeford in 1930 and in 2010.
Paraphrased Introduction: A glance at the given maps reveals information about the changes took place in the village of Stokeford in 1930 and 2010.