15 Introduction Paraphrasing Exercise: IELTS Writing Task 1

If you are looking for a high band score in the IELTS test then paraphrasing is really important. In this article, we will practice some paraphrasing exercise for the introduction part of the IELTS Writing task 1.

Also, we will discuss: 

1) Why paraphrasing is so important? 

2) How to write a paraphrased introduction? 

3) The structure of writing a paraphrased introduction. 

4) Finally, we will do some Paraphrasing exercise.

 


Why paraphrasing introduction is important in IELTS Writing task 1?

 

In IELTS Writing task 1, you will be given a graph, chart or table, and you have to explain it using at least 150 words.

 

Generally, we divide the writing task into 4 sections. Where, 

Section 1: Introduction (here, we paraphrase the question)

Section 2: Overall 

Section 3: Body Paragraph 1 

Section 4: Body Paragraph 2

 

You should explain the given graph/ chart or table using your own words. If you copy your introduction part from the question then these words will not be counted in your answer. As a result, you may face a penalty causing the low band score.

If you are able to paraphrase the introduction successfully then it shows you have understood the question perfectly to write it in your own words.

 


 

How to write a Paraphrased introduction?

 

To write a balanced paraphrased introduction in IELTS Writing Task 1, you have to include almost 6 types of information. These are: 

1) What is given? 

It can be a table, graph, chart, Diagram or any visual information. 

2) What its function? 

Its function is to provide(s), present(s), show(s), illustrate(s) or give(s) information.

3) What is it about? 

It can be anything. You have to find out what is the main topic. 

4) How/ on what basis?  

Basis of obtaining the information. For example: Percentage, Money, Time, Number or any other category.  

5) Where is the place? 

The illustration may provide information about some countries or any specific area.

6) When it occurred? 

In the illustration, they will provide information when the data was collected or the time of occurring certain event. For example: in 2003, from 2003 to 2010, between 2003 and 2010. 

 

Example of Writing Introduction

 

Example Line Graph

Data collection:

 

1) What is given: A line graph or illustration. 

2) Its Function: Provide(s), Present(s), Show(s), Illustrate(s) or Give(s) information.

3) What about: About the grain harvest area. 

4) How/ on what basis: In millions of hectares. 

5) Where: All over the world. 

6) When: Between 1950 and 1996, from 1950 to 1996, in 36 year period. 

 

Introduction: 

The given line graph provides information on the total area around the world in millions of hectares from 1950 to 1996.

OR, 

The given line graph shows the total harvest area around the world in millions of hectares in 36 year period.

 


The Structure of Writing a Paraphrased Introduction

 

Structure of writing an Paraphrased Introduction

 


15 Paraphrasing Exercises

 

Exercise 1: The Pie chart below shows the average household expenditure in Japan and Malaysia in the year 2010.

Pic chart

Paraphrased Introduction: The given pie chart provides information about the proportion of money spent on household expenses in Japan and Malaysia in 2010. 

Check the full answer

 


Exercise 2: The chart below shows the percentage of adults of different age groups in the UK who used the Internet everyday from 2003-2006.

Writing Task-1(Practice: 2)

Paraphrased Introduction: The given bar chart illustrates the percentage of adults of different age groups using the Internet between 2003 and 2006, in Great Britain.

Check the full answer


Exercise 3: The chart below shows the percentage of the whole world population in four countries from 1950 to 2000, with projections till 2050.

IELTS Writing task 1

Paraphrased Introduction: A glance at the bar chart reveals information about the proportion of the population in India, China, the USA, and Japan in 1950 and 2000, and also indicates the projections for 2050.

Check the full answer


Exercise 4: The graph below shows the sales of children’s books, adult fiction and educational books between 2002 and 2006 in one country.

Line Graph Practice

Paraphrased Introduction: The given line graph illustrates the comparison of the sales of three different types of books( Children’s books, adult fiction, and educational books) from 2002 to 2006.

Check the full answer


Exercise 5: The line graph below shows the population size, birth rate and the death rate of England and Wales from 1700 to 2000.

IELTS Writing task 1 (Practice: 5)

Paraphrased Introduction: The line graph provides information about the population size and compares the birth and mortality rate of England and Wales for a period of 300 years starting from 1700.

Check the full answer


Exercise 6: The line graph and bar chart give the information and forecast about the vehicle numbers and CO2 emission in England and Wales between 2000 and 2020.

IELTS writing tack 1(Practice 6)

Paraphrased Introduction:  A glance at the line graph reveals the information about the number of vehicles in England and Wales from 2000 to 2020, the bar chart gives information on the amount of CO2 emissions by cars, buses, vans, and trucks over the same period.

Check the full answer


Exercise 7: The charts below show the proportion of the energy produced from different sources in a country between 1985 and 2003.

IELTS Writing task1 practice 7

Paraphrased Introduction: The given pie charts compare the percentage of energy generated from seven different sources in a particular country from 1985 to 2003.

Check the full answer


Exercise 8: The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.

IELTS Writing task 1 practice 8

Paraphrased Introduction: A glance at the line graph provided reveals the information about the increase in the ageing population in Japan, Sweden, and the USA from 1940 to 2040.

Check the full answer


Exercise 9: The chart below gives information on the percentage of British people giving money to charity by age range for the years 1990 and 2010.

IELTS Writing task 1(Practice 9)

Paraphrased Introduction: The chart examines the level of donation among people of different ages in Britain.


Exercise 10: The graph and table below show the average monthly temperatures and this average number of hours of sunshine per year in three major cities.

Paraphrasing  Exercise Practice 10

Paraphrased Introduction: The data provides information on average temperatures and annual hours of sunshine in London, New York and Sydney.


Exercise 11: The diagrams below show the changes that have taken place at the West Part Secondary School since its construction in 1950.

Paraphrasing  Exercise Practice 11

Paraphrased Introduction: The diagrams show West Part School at three different stages in its development: 1950, 1980 and 2010.


Exercise 12: The chart below gives information about Southland’s main exports in 2000, *20…, and future projections for 2025.

Paraphrasing  Exercise Practice 12

Paraphrased Introduction: The given bar chart illustrates the performance of Southland’s primary exports in 2000 and 2013. It also indicates the future projections for 2025.


Paraphrasing  Exercise 13: The pie charts below show the online shopping sales for retail sectors in New Zealand in 2003 and 2013.

Paraphrasing  Exercise Practice 13

Paraphrased Introduction: The two pie charts compare the percentages of online sales across different retail sectors in New Zealand in the years 2003 and 2013.


Paraphrasing  Exercise 14: The chart below shows the changes that took place in three different areas of crime in Newport city center from 2003-2012.

Paraphrasing  Exercise Practice 14

Paraphrased Introduction: The given graph illustrates how crime rates altered in Newport inner city during the period 2003-2012.


Paraphrasing  Exercise 15:  The maps below show the village of Stokeford in 1930 and in 2010.

Paraphrasing  Exercise Practice 15

Paraphrased Introduction: A glance at the given maps reveals information about the changes took place in the village of Stokeford in 1930 and 2010. 


 

IELTS Writing Evaluation Online [100% Free]




We offer a completely free IELTS Writing Evaluation online service. You can send your IELTS Writing tasks and we will be happy to evaluate it based on IELTS Writing assessment criteria.

According to most of the student, IELTS Writing is the hardest part of the IELTS test. But, you can improve your writing skills if you get a proper guideline.   

Recommended Book  (This one book I highly recommend you to start your IELTS Writing preparation with)

 


How to send your essay?

You will be able to send your Academic essay, by following only 3 simple steps. These are:

Step 1: Choose Your Topic

You can choose any topics from IELTS Writing task 1 or IELTS Writing task 2. Follow these links for essay topics.

Step 2: Submit your answer

Go to the comment section of the specific task and submit your essay as a comment. If your essay is well enough then we will also add your essay in the answer section of the task with your credentials.

Step 3: Get the Feedback

You will get the detailed feedback and an estimated band score via email within 48 hours.





How we will assess your paper?

 

Your paper will be checked by an IELTS Expert, maintaining proper IELTS Writing assessment criteria. We will not use any computer-automated approach to evaluate your essays. So that you can get a proper idea about your band score of IELTS Writing.

Your writing skills will be assessed on 4 different criteria. These are:

 1) Task Achievement: For writing task 1, in this criteria, we will check did you answer the question fully and did you write 150 words.

For writing task 2, we will check, did you address all of the points in the question, did you provide a balanced argument and support your ideas with evidence and examples, and did you write 250 words?

 2) Coherence and Cohesion: in this criteria, we will check, is your writing easy to understand and Are your ideas well organised and clearly linked?

 3) Lexical Resource: in this criteria, we will check, did you use a wide range of vocabulary accurately and effectively?

 4) Grammatical Range and Accuracy: here we will check, did you use a wide range of grammatical structures accurately and effectively?




The IELTS Exam Pattern you should know

 

The IELTS exam pattern is designed to evaluate you in four different areas- listening, reading, writing, and speaking.

There are two types of IELTS examination: Academic IELTS and General IELTS.

Academic IELTS is necessary for international students and the peoples who want to migrate to any English speaking country needs general IELTS.

The listening and speaking sections are the same for both examinations but there are some differences in the writing and reading section.

The test needs 2 hours and 55 minutes to complete.

  • Listening= 40 minutes (30 minutes test+10 minutes to transfer your answers to an answer sheet)
  • Reading= 60 minutes (Here no extra minutes are allocated to transfer your answers to the answer sheet)
  • Writing = 60 minutes.
  • Speaking = 11-15 minutes.

The Listening, Reading, and Writing tests are taken on the same day without any break but depending on your test center Speaking test can be taken up to a week before or after the other tests.

In this article, we will only talk about the test format of Academic IELTS.

 


IELTS Listening Format (30+10 minutes)

Ielts Listening

In the listening test, the test center will provide you with a headphone and you will have to listen to four different recordings. Every section will contain 10 questions each so there will be a total of 40 questions. Each recording will be played only once so you need to answer the questions as you listen.

  • Recording 1 – You will listen to a conversation between two people based on daily life. 
  • Recording 2 – You will listen to a monologue based on the social context. For example, a speech about something. 
  • Recording 3 – You will listen to a conversation between up to four people based on educational or training context. For example, a teacher and students conversation about an assignment. 
  • Recording 4 – You will listen to a monologue based on an academic subject. For example, a lecturer. 

 

Types of questions in the listening section 

Around 6 types of questions may appear in the listening test. These are-

    1. Multiple choice 
    2. Matching 
    3. Plan, map, diagram labelling 
    4. Form, note, table, flow-chart, summary completion
    5. Sentence completion 
    6. Short answer questions


IELTS Academic Reading Format (60 minutes)

In the reading section, you need to answer 40 questions from three passages. These passages are taken from books, magazines, journals and newspapers. To answer the questions you need to manage your time and read quickly and efficiently. 

The reading test is designed to check your wide range of reading skills, including how efficiently you:

  • Catch the main idea 
  • Read for detail
  • Understand the inference and implied meaning
  • Follow the development of an argument 
  • Understand the general sense of a passage 
  • Also recognize a writer’s opinions, attitude and purpose.

 

Types of questions in Academic Reading section

Around 11 types of questions may appear in a reading test. These are-

    1. Multiple choice 
    2. Identifying information
    3. Identifying the writer’s views/claims 
    4. Matching information
    5. Matching headings 
    6. Matching features 
    7. Matching sentence endings 
    8. Sentence completion
    9. Summary, note, table, flow-chart completion
    10. Diagram label completion
    11. Short answer questions

 


IELTS Academic Writing Format (60 minutes)

Writing

In the writing section, you have been given two tasks (Writing task 1 and task 2), and both of them need to be completed within 60 minutes. These tasks are designed to test your writing skills, and how well you: 

  • Organize your ideas 
  • Write a response properly 
  • Use a range of vocabulary and grammar accurately. 

 

Academic Writing Task 1

Here, you are asked to describe some visual information, like Graph, table, charts, diagram, and maps in your own words. You must describe the most important and relevant points in your answer within 150 words. You can leave out some minor points and details. 

You should be careful to manage your time properly. It is wise not to spend more than 20 minutes on task 1. 

You will be severely penalized if you: 

  • Write off-topic
  • Do not compete 150 words.
  • Use bullet points
  • Copy from other sources.
  • Use informal words.

 

Academic Writing Task 2

Here, you need to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. You should read the given task very carefully and give a full and relevant response. For example, if the topic is about a particular use of a mobile phone, so you should write only about this particular topic without writing the use of mobile phone in general. 

You should spend no more than 40 minutes on this task, and you are asked to write at least 250 words. You will not be penalized for writing more than 250 words. 

You will be severely penalized if you: 

  • Write off-topic
  • Do not compete 250 words.
  • Use bullet points
  • Copy from other sources.
  • Use informal words.

 


IELTS Speaking Format (11-15 minutes)

Speaking

This test is designed to assess your ability in communication using the English language. The test is taken in 3 parts. Where the examiner will look for how well you:

  • Organize your ideas.
  • Express and present your opinions.
  • Speak at length on a given topic.
  • Grammatical range and accuracy.

Part-1: Introduction and interview 

In this part, the examiner will ask you some general questions about yourself and other familiar topics, such as family, home, work etc. It’s better to answer the questions using 2 or 3 lines. It will take around 4-5 minutes to complete part 1. 

Part-2: Long turn

In this part, the examiner will give you a task card with a topic written on it. You have to talk on this topic around 1-2 minutes by covering some questions given on this particular topic. You will be given one minute to prepare your talk, and also you are given paper and a pencil so make some notes. This part will take around 3-4 minutes to complete, including the preparation time. 

Part-3: Discussion

In this part, the examiner will ask you some questions related to part 2. Here, you need to answer the questions more elaborately. It will take around 4-5 minutes to complete.