IELTS Writing Task: 1 (Bar Chart)

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows the percentage of whole world population in four countries from 1950 to 2000,, with projections till 2050.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.


IELTS Writing Task 1 (Practice 3)



A glance at the bar chart reveals information about the proportion of the population in India, China, the USA, and Japan in 1950 and 2000, and also indicates the projections for 2050.

Overall, Japan had the least population in the given period, and it is clear from the graph that China had the highest percentage of the world population in 1950 and 2000, but estimates show that India will take the lead by 2050.

In 1950, China accounted for a little over a quarter of the world’s population. Although it decreased to a little under a quarter, it was still the highest in 2000, compared to the other three countries. It is estimated that the population of China will continue to drop and would reach approximately 19% by 2050. On the other hand, India showed an opposing trend to China. In 1950, where the population of India was 15% of the world’s population. It rose to approximately 19% by the year 2000, and it is expected to grow and reach nearly over 20%, which would be the highest among the other given countries by 2050.

When it comes to the population of the USA and Japan, both showed a decrease from 1950 to 2000. It is predicted that the percentage will remain same in the USA, whereas in Japan, the population is expected to decrease to approximately 3% by 2050.

230 words

task source: Makkar IELTS

2 thoughts on “”

  1. The chart illustrates the part of total population living in four countries in the year 1950 and 2000. It also predicts the same for the year 2050.

    Overall, the maximum portion of total population lives in China, followed by India. The least share of population stays in Japan.

    In 1950, 15% people live in India whereas 25% people reside in China which is the highest among all nations. It can be observed from the chart that percentage share for China is decreasing and increasing for India. In 2050, India will overtake China in terms of population share. India will be home for around 21% as compared to around 19% in China.

    USA and Japan are not showing any major fluctuation in the graph. Currently, USA is providing accommodation to 7% population of the world and it is predicted to remain same in future also (In year 2050). On the contrary, Japan is showing a reduction in the percentage share of world’s population. In 1950, it was slightly less than 5% which is predicted to be reduced to around 2. 5% in 2050. We can observe almost 50% decrease.

  2. The chart compares the contribution of four countries in the entire world population in 1950 and 2000, followed by a prediction in 2050.
    Overall, India and China made up most of the global population, accounting for nearly 50% at any given time. We can also see that India is the only country that is expected to keep an upward trend in the future while the remaining nations are likely to stabilize or decline their percentages in the population worldwide.
    In 1950, China took the lead as its population made up over one-fourth of the world’s population, followed by India at 15%. Even half a century later, China still managed to stay in the first position although its figure decreased slightly to roughly 24% while India remained in second place but was able to increase its proportion remarkably to around 19%. It is forecasted that India will eventually overtake China in 2050 when it rises to approximately 21% and China drops to 19%.
    Meanwhile, USA and Japan are the two less significant contributors. The US accounted for 10% of the population worldwide in the initial year, it then fell to about 8% in 2000 and is predicted to stabilize in the next 50 years. Japan started off at 5% in 1950 and then dropped to 4% in the next 50 years and is likely to keep reducing to 3% in the final year, making up the least percentage of the global population.

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