IELTS Writing Task: 1 (Bar Chart)

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows the percentage of whole world population in four countries from 1950 to 2000,, with projections till 2050.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.


IELTS Writing Task 1 (Practice 3)



A glance at the bar chart reveals information about the proportion of the population in India, China, the USA, and Japan in 1950 and 2000, and also indicates the projections for 2050.

Overall, Japan had the least population in the given period, and it is clear from the graph that China had the highest percentage of the world population in 1950 and 2000, but estimates show that India will take the lead by 2050.

In 1950, China accounted for a little over a quarter of the world’s population. Although it decreased to a little under a quarter, it was still the highest in 2000, compared to the other three countries. It is estimated that the population of China will continue to drop and would reach approximately 19% by 2050. On the other hand, India showed an opposing trend to China. In 1950, where the population of India was 15% of the world’s population. It rose to approximately 19% by the year 2000, and it is expected to grow and reach nearly over 20%, which would be the highest among the other given countries by 2050.

When it comes to the population of the USA and Japan, both showed a decrease from 1950 to 2000. It is predicted that the percentage will remain same in the USA, whereas in Japan, the population is expected to decrease to approximately 3% by 2050.

230 words

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task source: Makkar IELTS

18 thoughts on “”

  1. Pawan Kumar Tomar

    The chart illustrates the part of total population living in four countries in the year 1950 and 2000. It also predicts the same for the year 2050.

    Overall, the maximum portion of total population lives in China, followed by India. The least share of population stays in Japan.

    In 1950, 15% people live in India whereas 25% people reside in China which is the highest among all nations. It can be observed from the chart that percentage share for China is decreasing and increasing for India. In 2050, India will overtake China in terms of population share. India will be home for around 21% as compared to around 19% in China.

    USA and Japan are not showing any major fluctuation in the graph. Currently, USA is providing accommodation to 7% population of the world and it is predicted to remain same in future also (In year 2050). On the contrary, Japan is showing a reduction in the percentage share of world’s population. In 1950, it was slightly less than 5% which is predicted to be reduced to around 2. 5% in 2050. We can observe almost 50% decrease.

    1. The assigned graphical representation reveals the information about the ratio of four nations population from 1950 to 2000 with the estimation for 2050.
      While having a quick glance ,it is crystal clear that India and China had higher population in the all given years as compared to other two nations.In 1950, the population of India was 15% of the total of whole world ,that was 10% less than China.But, with the passage of time,It was increased by 5%, which was opposite in the case of China.However, it is estimated that till 2050, both nations population will come to near about one- fifth of total.
      Moving towards the rest of description, the difference of 5% was noticed in USA and Japan population in the initial year ,that was decreased with 2% and 1% respectively in 2000.According to predictions,the population of USA will remain stable at one-tenth till 2050 ,but, in japan , it will come to 3% .
      Overall, the population of China was continuously dropped as contrary to India, while,the proportion of population in the rest of two countries was insignificant.

  2. The chart compares the contribution of four countries in the entire world population in 1950 and 2000, followed by a prediction in 2050.
    Overall, India and China made up most of the global population, accounting for nearly 50% at any given time. We can also see that India is the only country that is expected to keep an upward trend in the future while the remaining nations are likely to stabilize or decline their percentages in the population worldwide.
    In 1950, China took the lead as its population made up over one-fourth of the world’s population, followed by India at 15%. Even half a century later, China still managed to stay in the first position although its figure decreased slightly to roughly 24% while India remained in second place but was able to increase its proportion remarkably to around 19%. It is forecasted that India will eventually overtake China in 2050 when it rises to approximately 21% and China drops to 19%.
    Meanwhile, USA and Japan are the two less significant contributors. The US accounted for 10% of the population worldwide in the initial year, it then fell to about 8% in 2000 and is predicted to stabilize in the next 50 years. Japan started off at 5% in 1950 and then dropped to 4% in the next 50 years and is likely to keep reducing to 3% in the final year, making up the least percentage of the global population.

  3. The bar chart depicts some information regarding the percentage of the population of India, China, USA, and Japan to world population during a period of 5o years with the forecast percentage for 2050.
    It is clear that Japan has the lowest population percentage among these four counties. While China has the highest percentage during the first period, it will be predicted that in 2050 India become the first country in the case of world population percentage.
    In 1950, China was the highest ratio which was about more than 25%, and whereas India’s percentage was 15%. Following 50 years, in 2000, while china’s figure saw a decline to about 24%, India’s one increased to approximately 19% and closed the gap with china. However, Japan and USA’s proportion dropped from 10% to 8% and 5% to 3% during same period respectively.
    It is predicted that in 2050, India in the case of world population ratio will overtook overtake China’s proportion and reach from about 19% to 22% while during the same period China’s number will decrease from about 24% to less than 20%. However, in the same study projections shows a decline declining trend for Japan, USA’s ratio will be stable.

  4. The bar chart illustrates the percentage of world population in the countries India, China, USA and Japan in the years 1950 and 2000 along with the projections till 2050.

    Japan has always had the least population, whereas China had the highest percent of them all, that is, around 25% in 1950, which came down to less than 20% for 2050 predictions, with estimations of India becoming highest populated country, having around 23% occupants by that time.

    USA always had a slightly less share in the total population, as compared to other populous countries, such as India and China, which was 10% in 1950, and has revealed no change from 2000 to 2050 according to the projections with the occupancy being 8%.

    Overall, with the exception in the case of the USA for the year 2000 and 2050, there has been a gradual decrease in the population percentage in the countries China and Japan, while, on the other hand, India encountered an increase in it since the year 1950.

  5. The bar diagram depicts data on the population of four countries for the period of 1950 to 2000. It also indicates a projection till 2050. The X-axis represents the percentage of inhabitants and Y-axis shows the countries in the bar, with patterns that denote time period.

    Overall, China leads in population among all the four and Japan has the least. However, the projection for 2050 seems to be declining for both countries, whereas India will grow and the USA will maintain stability.

    To begin with, India is the only country that saw significant growth from 1950 to 2000 with a hike of almost 4. 5% and continue to grow up to 2% in 2050. Secondly, China had a declining pattern from 26% to 24% between 1950 and 2000. Estimated projection explains that by 2050 their community would plummet further to 19%. Furthermore, USA dropped from 10% in 1950 to 8% in 2000. But, it is projected to maintain a steady figure from 2000 to 2050. Finally, Japan with the leastpopulation of 5%, depleted in 2000 and will continue the same trend in 2050 also.

    1. The bar graph illustrates world population in major four Nations from 1950 to 2000, with the prediction till 2050.

      Overall, India and China’s birth date has been increasing over the years. On the other hand America was pretty steady while Japan is at lowest when it comes to population.

      In 1950 China count was little quarter percent whereas India was just about 15% and was growing as as predicting India’s population will be around 21% by 2050. Surprisingly China so drop and by 2050 the account will be under 20%

      In 1950 American population was 10% and it was decreasing please 2050 it will be around 7%. Even Japan has similar kind of situation In 1950 they were at 5% of population and started dropping by 2050 they will be under 5%.

  6. The bar graph provides information about the proportion of the whole world population in four countries (India, China, USA, and Japan) for three comparison periods: actuals of 1950, and 2000, and estimated figures for 2050.

    Overall, China holds the highest proportion of the world population, however, it is expected that India would surpass China in 2050. Further, it is projected that India would be the only country to witness an increase in population, while the declining trend of Japan and China would continue. Japan is the least populated country among the four countries, while the contrary holds true for China.

    China remained the most populated country in 1950 and 2000, with close to 25 percent of the world population, while Japan hosted a meagre 5 percent. India’s population increased from 15% in 1950 to 19% in 2000, whereas for the USA, it decreased from 10% in 1950 to 8% in 2000. It is estimated that India’s population would rise to 21% in 2050, whereas China’s residents would fall to below 20%. The US is expected to maintain a stable population in the future.

  7. The bar graph depicts the percentage share of the four countries in the total world population, from 1950 to 2000. In addition, a predicted data until 2050 is also mentioned. The given data is calibrated in percentage.

    Overall, India and China remained the most populated nations followed by the USA and Japan. China consists of the highest share of the total headcount in the world from both 1950 as well 2000. Though India is predicted to topple the former and secure a first-place with about a 22% share.

    The total share for China in 1950 and 2000 is near about 25%, although it decreased and expected to further deplete. Morever, USA also had a substantial share in the worldwide population, in 1950 it accounted to 10%. Although, it subsequently decreased and expected to remain constant till 2050. On the other hand, Japan has rapidly lowered its percentage contribution, such that, it was about 5% in 1950 and projected to much lower result in 2050. Besides, it also had the least population in the given time.

    Altogether, all the nation, except India, showed a downward trend since 1950 while the former displayed a positive development till 2050.

  8. The chart represents the percentage of people residing in four countries namely India,China,USA and Japan across a fifty year period from 1950 to 2000. It also depicts the future prediction for the year 2050.

    Overall, the percentage of whole world population is expected to decline in China,USA and Japan with the exception of India which is predicted to grow by additional 3 per cent from what it was in 2000.

    India saw a rise in population in 2000 where the percentage grew by almost 3 per cent to 18 per cent from 1950. It is further predicted to climb to 21 per cent by the year 2050. On the other hand,per cent population in USA declined from 10 per cent to 8 per cent in last fifty years and is expected to remain the same till 2050.

    China and Japan contributed almost 26 and 5 per cent to world population in 1950. These numbers reduced by almost 3 and 1 per cent respectively in the year 2000. Furthermore, it has been predicted that the population of China will see a sharp decline and will contribute just over 19 per cent to world population in 2050. The same number is expected to reside just over 3 per cent in case of Japan.

  9. The bar graph illustrates the percentage of the population in four countries namely India, China, USA and Japan in the years 1950 to 2000 along with predictions for the year 2050.

    Overall, it can be noted that China has had been the most populated country from 1950 to 2000 but will the overthrown by India in the next 50 years. Japan, on the other hand, had the lowest population in the year 1950 and will further decline by the year 2050.

    In the year 1950, China and India constituted about 40 per cent of the world population. The population of China initially was just above 25 per cent which decreased to slightly under 25% by the year 2000. It has been declining since and projections estimate that it might further decrease by the year 2050. India, on the other hand, has shown an inclining trend, initially consisting of 15% population of the world the numbers have been growing ever since. It is tallied that by the year 2050, India will be the most populous country in the world with almost 20% of the world population.

    The population of Japan And the USA have decreased over time, the USA originally had a population of 10% in the year 1950 and which fell by approximately 2% till the year 2000. It has been predicted that it might remain constant till the year 2050 as well. Whereas in Japan the population initially declined by 2 to 3 per cent in the year 2000 and will further decline by the same ratio in the year 2050.

  10. Derrick Gilchrist.E

    The bar graph illustrates the population percentage in 4 different countries such as India, China, USA and Japan from the year 1950 till the year 2050.
    Overall, China has the highest amount of people living till date but the future predictions shows that the India will be leading of all 4 countries in 2050. In contrast, Japanese are the least populated people who further undergoes subsequent decrement in their population year on year.
    India and China are the 2 densely populated countries which contribute 15% and nearly 26% of the world’s population in the year 1950. In the next 50 years, Indian citizens consequently increases by 4% while Chinese population gets decreased by 2%. Furthermore, In 2050, same trend remains while the Indian’s increase significantly by 2% number of people living in China plummets approximately 5%.
    USA has a population of 10% in 2010 which is twice the amount of inhabitants in Japan. Surprisingly, count of residents in USA remains the same in 2000 and 2050 as 8%. Japanese gets consequently decreased by 1% in 2000 as well as in 2050.

  11. The bar chart illustrates the percentage of the population in India, China, USA and Japan in the year 1950 to 2050. Units are measured in percentage.

    Overall, the world’s largest percentage of population is China. While the population in Japan is the least percentage in the whole world.

    In the year 1950, China reached above 25%, it went down to 24% in 2000 and they have predicted to go around 15% in the year 2050. Similarly, next is India the most population on earth. In the year 1950, India had 15% and after 50 years they gained 4% to 19% by 2000. India estimates to go above 20%.

    On the other hand, in both countries Americans and Japanese decreased the percentage of the population. In America, only 10% in the year 2050 and it became steady with no difference of number in the year 2000 and 2050, 8%. Whereas Japan it had 5% in 1950. It decreases below 5% in 2000 and 2050 (4% and 3% respectively).

  12. The bar chart illustrates the percentage contribution by four nations in
    the entire world’s population from 1950 to 2000, with the predictions
    till 2050.

    Overall, the percent contribution of population by China, the USA and Japan
    had been declining marginally, while a gradual increase in percent
    had been obsereved by India along the years.

    In year 1950, India constituted 15% of world’s population, however it is
    predicted to outnumber the other three countries over a century with a slight
    more than one-fifth in 2050. In stark contrast the percent contribution of
    Chinease population had been declining from a quarter of the world,s population
    and is believed to be nearly 18% in 2050.

    Turning to the USA, the country had 10% of world inhabitants living in 1950
    which declined slightly in 2000 and is projected to remain same after
    five decades. Japan had a mere 5% of earth’s population in 1950
    which was the least and the percentage had been declining.
    It is predicted that Japan with have a minuscule of 2.5% of world’s
    population by 2050.

  13. The bar chart provides information about the proportion of world population in China, India, USA and Japan between the years 1950 to 2000 with a projection till 2050.

    Overall, the percentage of the population was relatively high in China and India in all the years. Of all the countries, Japan showed a less percentage of the population.

    The population in China significantly reduced from 26 per cent to 24 per cent in the years 1950 and 2000 respectively and is predicted to be less than 20 per cent by the year 2050. In contrast, the percentage of the population in India continued to rise in the consecutive years of 1950 to 2000 and is expected to increase about 2 per cent by 2050.

    In 2000, the population percentage of the USA is 7 per cent and it might continue to be the same till 2050. Japan’s population percentage has been diminishing significantly and is predicted to be about 3 per cent by the year 2050.

  14. The bar chart indicates the proportion of global population in four countries from 1950 to 2000 and their expected population till 2050.

    At first glance we can see that India and China contained much more of the world population than other countries. It is also expected that in 2050, apart from India, the population in other countries will drop.

    Obviously China is the most crowded country with over a quarter of the whole world population in 1950. This number reduced steadily in 2000 but still remained the highest of all. 50 years later the population in China is predicted to drop to just under one fifth of the world population in that time.

    India also has a huge amount of residents, which occupied 15% of the global population in 1950, but this figure rose to about 19% 50 years later and is expected to increase further till 2050, which an estimated amount of just over 20% in 2050. The USA contained exactly 10% of the world’s population in 1950 but slightly dropped in the next 50 years and is expected to remain stagnant afterward. Meanwhile Japan’s population also decreased in the 1950-2000 period and is anticipated to drop even further in the next 50 years.

  15. The bar graph illustrates the percentage of the population of the whole world in 4 countries between 1950 to 2000, with prediction till 2050. It displays the information for India, China, USA and Japan.

    Overall, it can be derived that China had the largest population in the year 1950, whereas, Japan had the least number of people in the same year.

    There was a gradual increase in the Indian population from 15% in 1950 to 19% in 2000. There is a very low increase in the projection of 2050 with only 2%. However, Chinese population took a downturn in 2000 and the projection shows further dip with 5% difference.

    USA had 10% of the world population and it decreased by 2% and remained same in the prediction as well. Japan had the lowest proportion of world population in 1950 and it is predicted to drastically go down in the year 2050.

  16. The bar graph reveals information regarding the proportion of whole world population in four countries between 1950 to 2050.
    It is clear that the percentage of India increased, but the opposite was true for figures for China, America, and Japan. In addition, the percentage of India and China experience most dramatic change.
    In 1950, the proportion of China was largest, accounting for around 26%, followed by India with 15%. The figure of the USA was slightly higher than that of Japan, occupying 10% and 5% respectively.
    In India, after a century, it is predicted that the population in India will accounting for approximately a fifth, higher than 50 years ago for about 3%. The proportion in China will dive to 19% after a 100-year-period. In the USA in 2000, the percentage went down to roughly 8% after 50 years, and then will remain stable in 2050. Lastly, in Japan, the figure slightly will decrease 2% after 100 years.

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