IELTS Writing Task: 1 (Line Graph)

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The line graph below shows the population size, birth rate and the death rate of England and Wales from 1700 to 2000.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.

IELTS Writing task 1 (Practice: 5)




The line graph illustrates the information about the population size and compares the birth and mortality rate of England and Wales for a period of 300 years starting from 1700.

Overall, it is evident that the population showed an upward trend, whereas death and birth rates showed a fluctuating trend.

In the case of population size, it showed a dramatic escalation in the three centuries. The population rose from 2.5 million in 1700 to 50 million in 2000, with a short period of stability from 1750 to 1800.

The Death and the birthrate followed a similar trend from 1700 to 1950. From 1700-1750, an increase was seen in both these, with the birth rate rising from 30 to 40 per 1000 people, and the death rate increasing from approximately 27 to 37 per 1000 people. There was stability in both for the next 50 years. After which there was a sharp fall with both rates reaching an all-time low of around 20 per thousand people by 1950. In between, from 1850 to 1900, the birth and death rates again showed a leveling off. During the next 50 years, the death rate remained stable, but in the case of birth rate, it dramatically rose to approximately 34 from 22 per 1000 people.


210 words

Related Articles

task source: Makkar IELTS


2 thoughts on “”

  1. The line graph reveals information regarding the three different categories about population in England and Wales between 1700 and 2000.
    It is clear that the number of birth rate increased, but the opposite was true for death rate. In addition, the figure of population size experienced the most dramatic change.
    In 1700, the birth rate was 30 out of 1000, followed by, approximately 27 out 1000 for death rate. From 1700 to 1950, both two components have the same fluctuation, the figure was dived to around 21 and 20 for each 1000 people, respectively in 1950. There was a significant bounce in the birth rate to roughly 33 for each 1000 in 2000. In the same period, the number of death rate remained the same.
    For population size, the number go up approximately from 3 million to 10 million between 1700 and 1750. The figure then remained stable after the next 50 years, but 2 centuries later, it witnessed a significant growth to 50 million.

  2. The line graph compares the number of population in millions and the rates of people born and dead in England and Wales over a period of 300 years.

    Overall, it is clear that the population rose significantly while the birth rate had a small increase and the death rate decreased gradually.

    In 1700, the population size of England and Wales was just 3 million people whereas 27 people out of 1000 died and 30 out of 1000 people were born. In 1900, the number of population overcame the figures of birth and death rates. To be precise, the number of people increased to 35 millions compared to 33 born people and 30 deaths.

    By contrast, the number of deaths decreased to 20 in 1950 compared to the births which reached to its droughts of 22 people in that year. The death figure remained stable for the following 50 years while the births rose again to 34 people. The whole population had a considerable increase to 50 millions in 2000.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *