IELTS Writing Task: 1 (Line Graph)
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The line graph below shows the population size, birth rate and the death rate of England and Wales from 1700 to 2000.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
The line graph illustrates the information about the population size and compares the birth and mortality rate of England and Wales for a period of 300 years starting from 1700.
Overall, it is evident that the population showed an upward trend, whereas death and birth rates showed a fluctuating trend.
In case of population size, it showed a dramatic escalation in the three centuries. The population rose from 2.5 million in 1700 to 50 million in 2000, with a short period of stability form 1750 to 1800.
The Death and the birthrate followed a similar trend from 1700 to 1950. From 1700-1750, an increase was seen in both these, with the birth rate rising from 30 to 40 per 1000 people, and the death rate increasing from approximately 27 to 37 per 1000 people. There was a stability in both for the next 50 years. After which there was a sharp fall with both rates reaching an all time low of around 20 per thousand people by 1950. In between, from 1850 to 1900, birth and death rate again showed a leveling off. During the next 50 years, the death rate remained stable, but in case of birth rate, it dramatically rose to approximately 34 from 22 per 1000 people.
task source: Makkar IELTS