IELTS Writing Task: 8 (Line Graph)
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
A glance at the line graph provided reveals the information about the increase in the aging population in Japan, Sweden, and the USA from 1940 to 2040.
Overall, at the beginning of the period, the USA has the highest proportion of aged people in the three countries and Japan has the lowest. After a century, it is expected that the situation will be the opposite.
In the case of Sweden and the USA, they both showed a similar pattern from 1940 to 1980. In the beginning, the percentage of the aged population was approximately 6% and 9% in Japan and the USA respectively then there was a slight increase and the percentage rose to almost 15% in 1980. After that, with a few fluctuations, the percentage increased by approximately 19% in the case of Sweden while the USA remained steady at 14%. By the year 2040, the proportion is expected to increase to almost 25% in Sweden and 24% in the USA.
Japan started the period with 5% of the aged population, but the number decreased to almost 3% in 1960 and it remained steady till 1990. Then it dramatically increased to almost 7% in 2020, and by the year 2040, it rose above 25%.