IELTS Writing Task: 8 (Line Graph)


You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. 

The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

ielts writing task 8

Answer 

A glance at the line graph provided reveals the information about the increase in the aging population in Japan, Sweden, and the USA from 1940 to 2040.

Overall, at the beginning of the period, the USA has the highest proportion of aged people in the three countries and Japan has the lowest. After a century, it is expected that the situation will be the opposite.

In the case of Sweden and the USA, they both showed a similar pattern from 1940 to 1980. In the beginning, the percentage of the aged population was approximately 6% and 9% in Japan and the USA respectively then there was a slight increase and the percentage rose to almost 15% in 1980. After that, with a few fluctuations, the percentage increased by approximately 19% in the case of Sweden while the USA remained steady at 14%. By the year 2040, the proportion is expected to increase to almost 25% in Sweden and 24% in the USA.

Japan started the period with 5% of the aged population, but the number decreased to almost 3% in 1960 and it remained steady till 1990. Then it dramatically increased to almost 7% in 2020, and by the year 2040, it rose above 25%.

205 words

6 thoughts on “”

  1. The provided line chart depicts the percentage of segment of people with the age of 65 and above, over the 100 years of time period starting from 1940 in three different countries. Overall, population of senior citizens have considerably increased by 2040 in all three countries. Further, in 1940, the highest proportion of adults were in USA, but it will be Japan in 2040.

    According to the graph, in 1940, nearly 10% of population was elders in USA, and it had risen to 15%, followed by a decline and then an increment up to about 25%. This same pattern can be seen in Sweden as well until around 2000, but values were approximately below by 2%. Around 2000, Sweden had passed USA and Sweden will record 25% of senior citizen population by 2040.

    It is interesting to note that, Japan have demonstrated a deviated trend from other two countries. Furthermore, elder population had declined from 5% to roughly 3% until around 1990, then it had moderately escalated to 10% in 2020, recording a shoot up to 25% around 2030. This rapid growth will result more than 25% of senior citizens in Japan by 2040.

  2. The line graph illustrates the percentage of people who was more than 65 ages in three various countries over the course of century, starting in 1940.

    Looking at the graph, it is immediately obvious that the proportion of elderly experienced an upward trend over the period. Japanese elderly rate is predicted to have the most significant change at that time.

    The ration of American who was older than 65 years old stood at nearly one tenth in the beginning. This figure rose gradually before deceased slightly from 1980 to 2020. However, the rate is expected to ascend rapidly at the end, peaking at nearly a 25% in 2040.
    A similar trend was seen from Sweden. The proportion is speculated to have a gradual increase from approximately 7% to just more than a quarter at the end of period.

    The Japanese elder percentage underwent a slightly dipped between 1960 and 2000, which was also the lowest number of all categories. Despite of the low rate, Japanese elderly portion is predicted to grow dramatically from 2020 to 2040 and reach the highest point of 27% at the end, which surpass the USA as well as Sweden.

    1. The line graph illustrates the percentage of people who was more than 65 ages in three various countries over the course of century, starting in 1940.

      Looking at the graph, it is immediately obvious that the proportion of elderly experienced an upward trend over the period. Japanese elderly rate is predicted to have the most significant change at that time.

      The ration of American who was older than 65 years old stood at nearly one tenth in the beginning. This figure rose gradually before deceased slightly from 1980 to 2020. However, the rate is expected to ascend rapidly at the end, peaking at nearly a 25% in 2040. A similar trend was seen from Sweden. The proportion is speculated to have a gradual increase from approximately 7% to just more than a quarter at the end of period.

      The Japanese elder percentage underwent a slightly dipped between 1960 and 2000, which was also the lowest number of all categories. Despite of the low rate, Japanese elderly portion is predicted to grow dramatically from 2020 to 2040 and reach the highest point of 27% at the end, which surpass the USA as well as Sweden.

  3. Are famous people treated  unfairly by the media? Should they be given privacy or not?D.B.V.G

    It is widley true that media has a freedom to expose the life of celebrities.Even though eminent persons are not given proper treatment by the media due to several reasons,i personally opine that they deserve privacy.
    Getting limelight all the time has become a need of majority of prominent people owing to two main reasons.Firstly, posting there private lives on social media has become trend for today’s celebrities since they are desperate to flaunt their relationships or fashion ,style for catching publics’ attention. However, if they stop getting media attention,it could even hurt their career prospects.Besides this,general public has more curiosity to know about what is happening in the life of their favourite celebrity; therefore,media cater to their needs by providing celebrities’ news and gossip.Because of all these things media enters into the personal lives of people.As a consequence,these stars enjoy the fame among viewers given by media either it is in a respectable manner or not.For instance,a study revealed that 60% of iconic actors upload their private videos on social platform in order to grab the public views and popularity . For this reason media highlights the social posts posted by celebrities for increasing the TRP of their channel.
    That being said,in my view celebrities’ privacy should be respected by media as they are also human beings who may not want media to dig into their person details.In view of the fact that every human has a right to privacy hence,celebrities are not different who may not want their private matters public.Otherwise,some prominent  people may be going through a painful break up or depression at specific times .But media discuss the famous people by crossing its limits which could create serious issues for these celebrities as well as their family. Consequently , it becomes uphill task for such eminent  people to live independently.Rather than exposing  their family matters into public ,if media works appropriately,it could bring benefits to their job as media has obligation to respect the privacy of celebrities as well.
    In conclusion,although some prominent people enjoy the fame given by media,not only media should be grown literate in terms of respecting privacy of popular people but also it must do their duty honestly .

    1. Q) You study in different nation. Your college invited you to volunteer to conduct international day. Write a letter to your Cordinator – If you like the idea
      – If you prepare special dish
      – Any activity you plan to do

      Dear Mr.Armaan,
      I am writing this letter with regard to applaud you for an amazing plan of organizing an international day and i am grateful to you for giving me a chance of performing a voluntary work on this wonderful event which may bring tremendous benefits to all of the participants.
      Firstly ,since our college has students from worldwide so it would be advantageous for them to interact with other culture students and cultural exchange on this grand event. Besides this , being an indian i can showcase my culinary skills by preparing traditional cuisines of punjab state , which I am certain everyone will love to relish .
      Moreover , I am good at dancing as well as singing so in order to make that day memorable if i can arrange both of these competitions it may give a chance to perform folk song and dance by students. Not only students can entertain themselves but also they can get acquainted with other cultures. Therefore , that day will become special and unforgettable celebration for them . Should you require any further assistance, please let me know in advance and it would be nice if you inform me about other necessary details on my contact number 765625408.

      Once again , I would express my sincere thanks to you for considering me to be a part of this occasion.
      Yours sincerely,
      Inaayat.

  4. A glimpse at the line graph provides information on the population rates of senior citizens in Japan, Sweden and USA over a 100 year period. Overall, USA had the highest number of people aged 65 and above in the year 1940, while Japan had the lowest. However, these rates are forecast to interchange among both countries by the year 2040.

    Japan’s geriatric population was quite low in 1940, at around 5%. Over the next 40 years, it had continued to decline, reaching around 3% by the 1980s. However, this trend steadily increased in the following years, reaching approximately 8% in 2020. Moreover, by the year 2040, it is predicted to hit almost 9 times that of what it was a century ago, at 27%.

    In terms of Sweden and the USA, there were minor differences among the number of elderly Swedes and Americans from 1940 to the late 1990s, starting at 7% and 9% respectively. In the succeeding years, Sweden observed a sharp rise in its geriatric population, reaching around 19% by 2020, whereas for the USA, this number declined to around 14% by 2020. The proportion of elderly Swedes and Americans is expected to rise in the next 20 years, with around 26% for the former and 23% for the latter.

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