IELTS Writing Task: 8 (Line Graph)


You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. 

The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

ielts writing task 8

Answer 

A glance at the line graph provided reveals the information about the increase in the aging population in Japan, Sweden, and the USA from 1940 to 2040.

Overall, at the beginning of the period, the USA has the highest proportion of aged people in the three countries and Japan has the lowest. After a century, it is expected that the situation will be the opposite.

In the case of Sweden and the USA, they both showed a similar pattern from 1940 to 1980. In the beginning, the percentage of the aged population was approximately 6% and 9% in Japan and the USA respectively then there was a slight increase and the percentage rose to almost 15% in 1980. After that, with a few fluctuations, the percentage increased by approximately 19% in the case of Sweden while the USA remained steady at 14%. By the year 2040, the proportion is expected to increase to almost 25% in Sweden and 24% in the USA.

Japan started the period with 5% of the aged population, but the number decreased to almost 3% in 1960 and it remained steady till 1990. Then it dramatically increased to almost 7% in 2020, and by the year 2040, it rose above 25%.

205 words

3 thoughts on “”

  1. The provided line chart depicts the percentage of segment of people with the age of 65 and above, over the 100 years of time period starting from 1940 in three different countries. Overall, population of senior citizens have considerably increased by 2040 in all three countries. Further, in 1940, the highest proportion of adults were in USA, but it will be Japan in 2040.

    According to the graph, in 1940, nearly 10% of population was elders in USA, and it had risen to 15%, followed by a decline and then an increment up to about 25%. This same pattern can be seen in Sweden as well until around 2000, but values were approximately below by 2%. Around 2000, Sweden had passed USA and Sweden will record 25% of senior citizen population by 2040.

    It is interesting to note that, Japan have demonstrated a deviated trend from other two countries. Furthermore, elder population had declined from 5% to roughly 3% until around 1990, then it had moderately escalated to 10% in 2020, recording a shoot up to 25% around 2030. This rapid growth will result more than 25% of senior citizens in Japan by 2040.

  2. The line graph illustrates the percentage of people who was more than 65 ages in three various countries over the course of century, starting in 1940.

    Looking at the graph, it is immediately obvious that the proportion of elderly experienced an upward trend over the period. Japanese elderly rate is predicted to have the most significant change at that time.

    The ration of American who was older than 65 years old stood at nearly one tenth in the beginning. This figure rose gradually before deceased slightly from 1980 to 2020. However, the rate is expected to ascend rapidly at the end, peaking at nearly a 25% in 2040.
    A similar trend was seen from Sweden. The proportion is speculated to have a gradual increase from approximately 7% to just more than a quarter at the end of period.

    The Japanese elder percentage underwent a slightly dipped between 1960 and 2000, which was also the lowest number of all categories. Despite of the low rate, Japanese elderly portion is predicted to grow dramatically from 2020 to 2040 and reach the highest point of 27% at the end, which surpass the USA as well as Sweden.

    1. The line graph illustrates the percentage of people who was more than 65 ages in three various countries over the course of century, starting in 1940.

      Looking at the graph, it is immediately obvious that the proportion of elderly experienced an upward trend over the period. Japanese elderly rate is predicted to have the most significant change at that time.

      The ration of American who was older than 65 years old stood at nearly one tenth in the beginning. This figure rose gradually before deceased slightly from 1980 to 2020. However, the rate is expected to ascend rapidly at the end, peaking at nearly a 25% in 2040. A similar trend was seen from Sweden. The proportion is speculated to have a gradual increase from approximately 7% to just more than a quarter at the end of period.

      The Japanese elder percentage underwent a slightly dipped between 1960 and 2000, which was also the lowest number of all categories. Despite of the low rate, Japanese elderly portion is predicted to grow dramatically from 2020 to 2040 and reach the highest point of 27% at the end, which surpass the USA as well as Sweden.

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