IELTS Writing task 2 (Causes and Solution Essay)

The continued rise of words population is the greatest problem faced by humanity at the present time.

What are the causes of this continued rise? 

Do you agree that it is the greatest problem faced by humanity? 


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience

Write at least 250 words.




The population of the world is increasing rapidly from the last few decades. As a result, the overall population is over 9 billion at present time, where only a decade ago this figure was about 7 billion. Undoubtedly, the gradual rise of the population is the most dangerous problem that humanity will ever face. 

There are several reasons associated with continuous population growth. First of all, the lack of education is one of the main causes. From the statistics, we can easily notice that the growth rate is much higher in poor countries than the rich ones. In poor countries, peoples are not educated enough to understand the concept as well as the benefits of family planning. Additionally, some religious beliefs also affect the population rate. For example, in Islam family planning is prohibited, that’s why Muslims tend to have many children in their marriage life. 

As the growth rate of the population is getting higher considerably, the number of concerns are also increasing with this. One of the most dangerous problems is the greenhouse effect; for example, peoples are cutting down trees to build shelters for themselves. Thus, the rate of carbon-di-oxide is increasing in the environment than oxygen and it is interrupting the balance of nature. Secondly, the crime rate is also increasing day by day in populated countries because the governments are unable to produce jobs for a large number of population. As a result, they get depressed and started to organize crimes to maintain their livelihood. 

To conclude, I believe if you are able to control only the population growth rate, then we may be able to solve half of our problems. Surely it is the mother of all the problems that are not only affecting locally but also affects at the international level.  



298 words


4 thoughts on “”

  1. It is indubitable that world’s population is increasing significantly, exposing threats to environment as well as humanity. This is the greatest threat faced by the humanity. This essay intends to analyze the root of the cause in the forthcoming paragraphs.

    There are several factors that leads to overpopulation. First among all, is illiteracy. In some parts of the world, people are not educated enough in term of family planning, and give birth to 4-5 children without having enough finances to feed them. What is more, the advancements in science has led to the developments of medicine that increases life expectancy. As a result, birth rate is far more higher than death rate, contributing to exponential increase of a country’s population.

    Due to increased population, the environment is facing a huge challenge. For instance, the depletion of ozone layer, which protects the mankind from the threatening effects of U.V rays. Overpopulation has also led to the exploitation of natural resources such as deforestation, reducing the amount of oxygen available to the environment. This is turn, affects the human health significantly.

    Another major problem caused by overpopulation is pollution. Higher pollution leads to poor values of air quality index making it difficult to breathe for patients of asthama and high blood pressure.

    To conclude, overpopulation is definitely a serious threat to the mankind as well as to the environment, and there a number of factors that leads to a significant increase in world’s population.

  2. Derrick Gilchrist.E

    In recent years, the alarming rise of the global population is considered to cause a detrimental effect in the peoples life. I believe that this is caused due to cultural traditions which recommends a men to engage with more than 2 women and also because of the loop hole in the law which fails to state the limit of birth. I agree it has negative impact on mankind’s lifestyle.
    Firstly, the religious belief of certain communities which allows a male to marry many number of women is the main cause of the drastic population rise. For instance, if one men possess one women they will have 2 to 4 children on average but because of their communities advice they are allowed to possess 3 wife’s which results in the increase of child’s birth by 3 times.
    Secondly, Government in major countries had failed to formulate the law, which restricts residents to have a limited number of children, is the second most eminent factor that lead to overwhelming citizens. For example, the recent article in “India times” revealed the fact that the population in India had undergone slight plummet in growth after implementing the law which states that a typical Indian family should have only 2 offspring.
    As a consequence, the natural resources such as fuel, water, minerals are getting decreased in a violating speed than ever. This would result in complete usage of fossil fuels, which are almost required for every day living, in sooner time. Allied to this, pollution due to increasing number of vehicles, which cause undesirable effect in humans health, and insufficient land mass for accommodating upcoming generations are the eminent effects to be considered.
    To conclude, Government should consider the negative effects and formulate the laws for controlling the population.

  3. The most alarming problem we are facing now is the rapid rise of human population worldwide. In my opinion I agree that human population needs to be controlled before all resources are wiped out from the world.

    The main factor to take account for this rate of rise in population is the lack of awarness. people should be made aware how limited amount of resources is available and due to over population how we affect nature and it’s precious resources. For example due to over population, people started to destroy many forests and bio domes for building houses. Deforestation is an selfish act done by people to nature.

    There are other factors to consider such as lack of using latex. Many unplanned pregnancy happens by not being safe, Globalization can reduce the rise in population. Some countries like India stands second in world population but other countries like ice land has vey less population. Due to rise in population, there are more vehicles in the roads which leads to a serious rise in air pollution. Cultures can also act as an major cause for rise in population. Such cultures should not be considered by people.

    Humans are tend to procreate. It is the natural way of living but in present situation we should cautious in this stage as the resources available are limited. Acourding to research done on rise in population, for every minute 2 children are born. Strict policies from the goverment can solve these issues.

    In conclusion, The rise in human population is an important issue across the world which should be aware to every one. If this condition stays, one day the resources of the earth will be left dry and most humans will stop living their life and start to survive day by day.

  4. It is often argued that the people around the world is experiencing a severe problem of population growth continuously, which is Considerd to be the most major issue till today. This essay shall examine the main causes of this problem.

    The probable factors leading to population increase are lack of family planning and false beliefs . In earlier times, people neglected too much about how to maintain family and ended up having 4-5children per family. When one person, say for example “father”, is the only source for income then it becomes difficult to live with good living standards .

    False beliefs are also major contributor to this problem. Specifically in India, during 1980s and 1990s ,so many orthodox beliefs were must to maintained. Joint family system in wealthy family always seeks to have 4-5 grand children. Whereas in poor family, population growth has led to several other issues too. In backward families, children are considered as source of income. As a result, child labour cases levels up. As kids are not getting primary education, it becomes naturally more difficult for them to raise their standard towards a healthy living.

    As far as my opinion is considered, I suppose the world is having so many other critical problems too. On top of that, We, as a responsible citizen needs to focus on each and every problem suffered by the world and try to minimize it as much as possible.

    In conclusion, Population increase is one of the greatest issue experienced by the world. Awareness should be propagate among the remote corners of the world regarding the intense issues emerging from the same.

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