IELTS Writing task 2 (Causes and Solution Essay)

In spite of the advances made in agriculture, many people around the world still go hungry. 

Why is this the case?

What can be done about this problem?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience

Write at least 250 words.




As the population of the word increasing exponentially day by day; As a result, the nations are facing problems to provide foods for a large number of peoples. In that case, countries are depending on technological advances in agriculture to produce more foods, but still, there are many peoples around the world who go hungry. 

As a result of technological advances in agriculture, many peoples become unemployed. Everyone is using machines to produce foods. Where it requires a week for dozen of men to make lands ready for cultivation, machines require only a day or two. Therefore, the peoples associated with farming became jobless. There were almost one billion workers in this field, but a recent article published by the Indian Journal of agricultural science claimed that the number has decreased by 30% by now. Only in India, every day 28 people dependent on farming die by committing suicide only because they are unable to feed their family. 

The government can help these workers in enormous ways. First of all, the government can educate farmers about many technical works, like maintaining agricultural machines. As a result, they don’t even need to change their profession, and they will become more productive in this field as they have prior knowledge about agriculture. Also, the government can increase the number of subsidies associated with agriculture and create an easy loan policy only for farmers, so that they become self-employed and won’t have to face financial pressure. 

To conclude, we can’t disagree with how technical advantages are helping in agriculture. But it doesn’t mean everyone should turn their faces form the workers. These agricultural advantages will not be considered as development if the peoples associated with it sill go hungry. 

286 words



1 thought on “”

  1. For decades, farming has been considered of paramount importance to the survival of human beings. However, despite technological innovations in this field, there are still regions where people have to suffer from famine. While this is mainly attributable to the unavailability of such advances in certain areas, some measures can be taken to reverse the trend.

    In many countries around the world, farmers still have no access to technological advancement that have been around for years in the developed world. Therefore, citizens from these places still struggle with weather issues such as climate change, which has brought about frequent loss of crops. This situation manifests itself in the case of farmers in Vietnam, who have currently faced a serious flood, bringing salt water from the ocean and threatening their paddy fields. This would not have been the case if technological breakthroughs such as conditioned rooms to grow fruits and vegetables were available there.

    To address such pressing issues, there needs to be more active help from government in both industrialized and developing nations. In the short term, authorities should subsidize the costs of imported food borne by ordinary people in underpriviledged regions, which may allow them to afford daily meals. In the long run, meanwhile, it is imperative that knowledge about state-of-the-art technology be distributed to areas suffering from severe hunger. For example, machines that boosts yields can be donated or sold with small prices to help countries like India improve its national food security. By combining the two solutions, many people will no longer have to put up with an inadequate source of food.

    In conclusion, notwithstanding some challenges facing global food supply, I am convinced that an international collaboration may play a pivotal role to help mitigate the problems.

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