IELTS Writing task 2 (Discussion Essay)

Some people say that industrial growth is necessary to solve poverty, but some other people argue that industrial growth is creating environmental problems and should be stopped.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience

Write at least 250 words.




The two most dangerous problems faced by a developing country are poverty and environmental pollutions. Many people believe it is industrial growth that can solve poverty, and others believe it is the causes of many environmental problems. This essay intends to analyse both perspectives. I, however, agree with the former view.  

To begin with, without industrial growth it is nearly impossible for a country to develop, and the development of a country directly affects its citizens. Industrial growth benefits nearly all citizens of a country. For example, in rural areas, most of the poor are engaged with agriculture. When such a country grows through agricultural exports, it benefits both the poor farmers and even the poor labours. Similarly, industrial growth helps to create a lot of job opportunities and eventually causes a rise in the wage that reduce poverty.

On the other hand, industrial growth is also responsible for many environmental problems such as air pollution, water pollution and land pollution are worth mentioning. Industries are the major cause of air pollution since the operation of factories results in the emission of pollutants, including organic solvents, respirable particles, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. These pollutants can both public health and the environment. Sometimes wastewater of the industries discharges them untreated. As a result, it causes environmental woes including pollution of groundwater reservoirs and surface water also. Additionally, leakage from the fuel and energy industries, as well as industries involving hazardous materials, are the main causes of land contamination. Therefore, the properties of soil result in pollutants remaining in the soil long after the pollution incident. 

To conclude, although there are some drawbacks associated with industrial growth in a country, I believe these problems can be solved easily if the government takes necessary steps against it and opine that, industrial growth is the only way to reduce poverty. 

307 words 



2 thoughts on “”

  1. Some people say that teenagers should work part-time and earn money. This way they will learn basic lessons about work and become more disciplined. Others argue that teenagers shouldn’t sacrifice their rest and after-school activities to work.
    Discuss both views and give your opinion.
    A number of people are of the opinion that teenagers should have part-time jobs as besides earning money, they learn their first lessons to become future disciplined workers. Others, however, argue that teenagers should enjoy their rest and after-school activities rather than work. The two viewpoints remain a constant debate. This essay attempts to discuss both views and voice up our own opinions.
    There is a commonly held belief that students should be engaged in part-time jobs, as they can earn money and learn the very first lessons to become a future good worker at the same time. Those who have already pursued full-time jobs may fully understand how essential it is to have early working experience, and some clues about responsibility before entering the real workforce. For example, undergraduates who worked part-time adapt faster and are more self-disciplined.
    Yet the other people argue that it is nonsense for teenagers to sacrifice their rest and after-school activities to work. Many people may be impressed that work means time-consuming and trade-offs. They are so accustomed to their work that they recognize the nature of part-time jobs. For instance, workers sticked to stressful full-time jobs are likely not to encourage teenagers to have the same experience.
    In conclusion, there are many people who support part-time job engagement among teenagers, while others are opposing such a viewpoint. Personally, I am of the opinion that students should work part-time since it is a good chance for self-development, and the drawbacks that periodical work may bring about are tiny in comparison with the tremendous benefits.

  2. Nowadays, Two of the biggest problems faced by the world are poverty and changing environment. Some think that growth of industries in developing countries helps with economy but others think its causing more damage to the environment. I agree with both sides.
    First, if we talk about industrial growth helping to solve one of the biggest concern that is poverty. Undoubtedly, development of industrial sector helps creating new jobs for the locals that helps them to support their family well. If there are lot of jobs in certain area then a number of staff is required to fulfill the needs. To attract more people, mostly companies pays them well too. That will help to reduce the poverty in that area.
    On the other hand, there are bad impact on our environment too because of increase in the number of industries. These industries eliminate carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide, Sulphur dioxide and many other dangerous gases into our environment. These gases are very harmful not only to the humans but also to our habitat. Other than the gases, these factories are also releasing their liquid and solid wastes into water sources like rivers, oceans etcetera. Then these wastes are mixing into our drinkable water resources too. Take India for example, In Agra the industrial area is causing that much pollution that it causes in acidic rain. That acidic rain is affecting one of the seven wonders of world that is Taj Mahal which is made from white marble. Acidic rain is causing marble to erode and affecting that beautiful monument.
    In my opinion, Industrial growth is needed more than anything. It is adversely affecting our environment but Government can make some amendments to set some standards for the factories to control their waste. The factories can make some changes to their waste management as well to make things easy for our climate too.

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