IELTS Writing task 2 (Discussion Essay)

Some people say that industrial growth is necessary to solve poverty, but some other people argue that industrial growth is creating environmental problems and should be stopped.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience

Write at least 250 words.




The two most dangerous problems faced by a developing country are poverty and environmental pollutions. Many people believe it is industrial growth that can solve poverty, and others believe it is the causes of many environmental problems. This essay intends to analyse both perspectives. I, however, agree with the former view.  

To begin with, without industrial growth it is nearly impossible for a country to develop, and the development of a country directly affects its citizens. Industrial growth benefits nearly all citizens of a country. For example, in rural areas, most of the poor are engaged with agriculture. When such a country grows through agricultural exports, it benefits both the poor farmers and even the poor labours. Similarly, industrial growth helps to create a lot of job opportunities and eventually causes a rise in the wage that reduce poverty.

On the other hand, industrial growth is also responsible for many environmental problems such as air pollution, water pollution and land pollution are worth mentioning. Industries are the major cause of air pollution since the operation of factories results in the emission of pollutants, including organic solvents, respirable particles, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. These pollutants can both public health and the environment. Sometimes wastewater of the industries discharges them untreated. As a result, it causes environmental woes including pollution of groundwater reservoirs and surface water also. Additionally, leakage from the fuel and energy industries, as well as industries involving hazardous materials, are the main causes of land contamination. Therefore, the properties of soil result in pollutants remaining in the soil long after the pollution incident. 

To conclude, although there are some drawbacks associated with industrial growth in a country, I believe these problems can be solved easily if the government takes necessary steps against it and opine that, industrial growth is the only way to reduce poverty. 

307 words 



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *