IELTS Writing task 2 (Causes and Solution Essay)

Natural resources such as oil and fresh water are being consumed at an alarming rate.

What problems does it cause? How can we solve these problems?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience

Write at least 250 words.




The time has come for international soul-searching about the environment. The industrial revolution has changed the relationship between humanity and nature. In this essay, I intend to explore the problems caused by the increased consumption of oil, forests and freshwater and suggest some solutions.

Talking about oil first, it is well known that oil is non-renewable and so will finish very soon. Pollution is another problem that is caused by the use of oil. Oil is used in vehicles, industries and homes. Simple measures can be taken to lessen its use. At the individual level, we can use more public transport; we can make lifestyle changes and use fewer luxuries. At the government level, people can be educated. More effort can be done to research an alternative source of energy. 

Secondly, water, especially fresh water, is another big area of concern. There can be no life without water. Water is the most precious commodity today. Fresh water resources are depleting fast. At an individual level, we should use water conservatively and recycle water wherever possible. At the government level, desalination plants can be set. Strict laws can be enforced for industries against the pollution of fresh water by effluents. 

Finally, because of deforestation, many animals and plans, which provide us with food, medicine and other valuable products, are facing extinction. We have less bio-diversity also. Moreover, when trees are cut, the soil is exposed to heavy rain and so in washed away. The soil also becomes infertile. Also, trees absorb carbon dioxide, which causes global warming. If there are no trees, there will be an increase in greenhouse gases and this would not be good for our environment. Afforestation should be promoted as a solution.

In conclusion, I would like to reiterate that oil, forests and fresh water are very necessary if we have to survive. So we should use them judiciously, else our future is bleak. 

320 words.

Source: Makkar IELTS


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