IELTS Writing task 2 (Advantage / Disadvantage Essay)

One of the consequences of improved medical care is that people are living longer and life expectancy is increasing. 

Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience

Write at least 250 words.




Over the past 50 years, people have become used to the idea that they will probably live longer than their grandparents did. However, a longer life is only desirable if you can look after yourself and be independent, otherwise, there can be disadvantages for everyone.

If you walk into a hospital in my country, you are likely to see a lot more elderly people than you did in the past. In fact, this is causing significant problems as there is a shortage of beds. Medical treatments are keeping the elderly alive, but at what cost to others?

On top of this, one of the biggest medical problems these days is dementia. Even if old people are still fit, they may not be able to look after themselves. They may have to live with their children or may cared for in a home, which can be expensive. Elderly people do not like to be a burden, but their children can feel obliged to care for them.

Obviously, not all old people become ill. Those who remain healthy can enjoy a happy old age as long as they have saved enough money. People are much more active in their sixties and seventies than they used to be and this can only be a good thing. They have time to enjoy their retirement and do a range of activities that they could not do when they were at work. They can also help look after their grandchildren, which is a great benefit for working parents.

To sum up. I believe that a longer life expectancy is obviously advantageous, but we should aim to keep people as healthy as possible so that they can enjoy their old age without having to rely on others.


290 words.

Source: The Official Cambridge Guide to IELTS for Academic and General Training.


5 thoughts on “”

  1. Vast developments in health care have lead to longer lifespans. Although the improvement comes with a plethora of advantages, it has certain drawbacks. In my opinion, the positives in this regard do not outweigh the negatives.

    People who live a long life can drain the available resources. Although this group contributes to the world in terms of their expertise and wisdom, people around them are forced to look after them, particularly if they are not self-sufficient. Individuals who are unable to take care of themselves rely on people around them, i.e., their family members. This is especially difficult for the family, as they are burdened with more responsibilities. People who lack a support system depend on caretakers, which may not be plausible for various reasons. For instance, an old couple with limited financial resources may not be able to afford good caretakers. Hence, the government and other private organisations may have to contribute to their well-being. Elderly care is expensive and may put a strain on the government.

    Secondly, with increased life expectancy comes increased challenges to the economy. If the old population is not replaced by a new population, the number of residents may rise significantly. Consequently, the government would have to take measures to expand the land to accommodate more people. Further, other resources such as food, water, medicines, and clothes can become scarce, if the production is not upgraded. The burden on the resources may, in turn, have an impact on the economy.

    In conclusion, in the long run, the challenges faced in attending to them takes precedence over the benefits.

  2. It is believed by people that advancements in the medical sector bring benefits of living longer as well as rise in birth ratio. This situation has both merits and demerits, but definitely, I think pros outweigh the cons.

    To begin with, there are chances that costs of medical amenities rise when better treatments or medicines are brought into market. To explicate it, people have to shell out more money out of their pockets to get admitted in well equipped hospitals. Therefore, individuals are vulnerable to exploitation and corruption.

    Shifting my views towards the advantages that advancement in medicines bring in the society. To Elaborate it, The most prominent merit progress of such domain holds is it can aid people to get cured by medicines especially introduced for incurable ailments. For instance, if no improvement was made in medicinal category then scientists could not be planning to make tablets for cancer patients. Hence, people can live longer with the help of enhanced treatments.

    Furthermore, the birth rates of a nation can rise with the upgradation of hospitals and its allied services. In other words, pregnant women as well as infants need protection against new diseases, and this could be possible only when new vaccines are researched and introduce in markets. For example, a survey conducted by World Health Organisation in 2019 revealed that 35% women in West Indies lost their lives owing to lack of medicines to tackle the viruses. Thus, inventions in such field could benefit the whole nation keeping its birth rate high.

    In conclusion, although better facilities embrace high costs, but worth to save the human life.

  3. Major impact of advanced medical care is that people are living longer along with the increasing lifetime. This essay will argue that advanced medicines are more beneficial for people to live longer and expect more life rather than harmful.

    One commonly cited disadvantage of advanced medicines is that sometimes it is difficult to trust on medicines of some pharmaceutical companies. Because of quality of raw products used to make them. As an example, what kind of materials have been used to make them? Or were those materials surely well enough for the medicinal use?

    Despite this, there are number of significant advantages to having improved medical care. First of all, improved trusted medicines cure widely distributed diseases effectively such as Dengue, Malaria. Also, one more example curing Cancer is that some widely known medical cares are effective to cure Cancer patients completely without any harm to them.

    Furthermore, some advanced medical care cost less but effective to cure common diseases such as Flu, Cough, Colds. For example, Generic Medicines which are widely known for their less cost but effective cure which are beneficial for the people who cannot afford expensive medicines.

    In conclusion, although there are drawbacks of improved medical care, it is clear that they make significant contribution to the life expectancy and let people live longer. On balance, I would argue that having more advanced medical care is beneficial rather than harmful.

  4. For years the health system has consistently been one step ahead of its generation, implementing efficient, modernized methods, successfully bettering medical care. This has caused a dramatic rise in life expectancy and this growth is likely to remain upward in the future. Whilst this change may inflict fear amongst governments and countries, it could be beneficial on both a societal as well as personal basis. Could these factors be enough to weigh out the cons?

    Firstly, long life has been a triggering issue amongst governments. Take elderly homes as a prime example; they are a community that is funded primarily by the government and if more were to be enrolled it would only cost more, essentially this indicates that other important governmental issues that require payments will have to be put on hold simply because the government cannot afford it. In addition to this, reproduction is unstoppable, and with more babies being born and longer life, populations will always keep growing. Certain countries are finding it difficult to cope with their expanding population. An excellent example would be real estate, there simply isn’t enough space to accommodate everyone. These two issues explained could further increase the rate of poverty which could further deteriorate the situation; if the governments cannot afford to provide living expenses and there is not enough places for people to go, where do we presume they will end up? Therefore, though the concept of longer life is wonderful, the consequences would make one think twice.

    On the other hand, there are evident advantages to living longer. Firstly, longer life means more time, and time is priceless. This means people get to spend more time with their loved ones, more so they are given time to mend mistakes, pay debts, stabilize and save up for their young ones and so on. In effect the medical care would not have only increased life expectancy but by improving the care, they give society a gift that cannot be bought or found elsewhere; more time to live a long, healthy and unforgettable life.

    Overall, I think that by creating a better medical system, people can benefit but governments may suffer. Whilst it may cost the governments more money to accommodate for this change, humans will be given an opportunity to finally live their life in a healthy manner. In my opinion from a far perspective I believe that this absolutely outweighs the disadvantages, all humans are entitled to adequate health care and living longer, and as governments, it is their duty to full fill this expectation.

  5. It certainly can not be denied that number of old people living longer increasing in rich nations. This is because these nations have well developed health care system. And one of the major result of such development of medical care is increment in people’s life expectancy. There are many merits and demerits of this.

    On the one hand, if we look at the advantages, they are both on obvious and evident . To begin with, old citizens can live their life according to their wish, and can also spend time with their new generation and family ,which will be beneficial for young generation too. A survey conducted by ‘ The Tribune’ , a leading national newspaper in India revealed that the youngsters of the families which have grand parents show greater moral skills as compared to those who do not live with them. Furthermore, if an old person is healthy then he does not act as burden on family , even provide financial support to the family.

    On the other hand , if we consider the disadvantages, they can be both predictable and unpredictable.
    Firstly, if a person is bedridden who is even not able to manage himself , then conspicuously, he become burden for the family , as a person must be present by his side 24 hours to look after him.
    In addition to this, in poor nations ,where medical system is not well developed , and these also do not have proper resources to feed whole population of the country will eventually result in starvation, scarcity of water and economy of nation will decrease too.

    In conclusion, although there are some drawbacks of raising life expectancy, the advantages are certainly higher for rich nations. However, I believe that longer the people will live , more responsible will be the new generation which would be benefited for the society.

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