IELTS Writing task 2 (Advantage / Disadvantage Essay)

One of the consequences of improved medical care is that people are living longer and life expectancy is increasing. 

Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?


Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience

Write at least 250 words.




Over the past 50 years, people have become used to the idea that they will probably live longer than their grandparents did. However, a longer life is only desirable if you can look after yourself and be independent, otherwise, there can be disadvantages for everyone.

If you walk into a hospital in my country, you are likely to see a lot more elderly people than you did in the past. In fact, this is causing significant problems as there is a shortage of beds. Medical treatments are keeping the elderly alive, but at what cost to others?

On top of this, one of the biggest medical problems these days is dementia. Even if old people are still fit, they may not be able to look after themselves. They may have to live with their children or may cared for in a home, which can be expensive. Elderly people do not like to be a burden, but their children can feel obliged to care for them.

Obviously, not all old people become ill. Those who remain healthy can enjoy a happy old age as long as they have saved enough money. People are much more active in their sixties and seventies than they used to be and this can only be a good thing. They have time to enjoy their retirement and do a range of activities that they could not do when they were at work. They can also help look after their grandchildren, which is a great benefit for working parents.

To sum up. I believe that a longer life expectancy is obviously advantageous, but we should aim to keep people as healthy as possible so that they can enjoy their old age without having to rely on others.


290 words.

Source: The Official Cambridge Guide to IELTS for Academic and General Training.


1 thought on “”

  1. Vast developments in health care have lead to longer lifespans. Although the improvement comes with a plethora of advantages, it has certain drawbacks. In my opinion, the positives in this regard do not outweigh the negatives.

    People who live a long life can drain the available resources. Although this group contributes to the world in terms of their expertise and wisdom, people around them are forced to look after them, particularly if they are not self-sufficient. Individuals who are unable to take care of themselves rely on people around them, i.e., their family members. This is especially difficult for the family, as they are burdened with more responsibilities. People who lack a support system depend on caretakers, which may not be plausible for various reasons. For instance, an old couple with limited financial resources may not be able to afford good caretakers. Hence, the government and other private organisations may have to contribute to their well-being. Elderly care is expensive and may put a strain on the government.

    Secondly, with increased life expectancy comes increased challenges to the economy. If the old population is not replaced by a new population, the number of residents may rise significantly. Consequently, the government would have to take measures to expand the land to accommodate more people. Further, other resources such as food, water, medicines, and clothes can become scarce, if the production is not upgraded. The burden on the resources may, in turn, have an impact on the economy.

    In conclusion, in the long run, the challenges faced in attending to them takes precedence over the benefits.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *